Reporting Format

Contribute An Implementation

If you developed an accessibility tool or a testing methodology and would like to have your implementation included in the WAI website, there are two ways you can do so.

  1. If you have a tool that can return a data format, you will need to run your tests against the test cases and submit a report.
  2. If you have a manual test methodology where you fill results into some report template or semi-automated tool, you can use the ACT Implementor tool instead to produce implementation reports.

Understanding the Reporting format

To display an accessibility test tool or methodology on the WAI website, use the Evaluation And Reporting Language expressed using JSON-LD. Tool developers that have an EARL reporter should be able to provide their existing reports. If you don't already have an EARL reporter, we provided a basic data structure that you can use.

Context And Graph

On the top level object, there should be a @context and @graph. The @context is a URL to a definition file that describes the data structure. The @graph property contains an array of TestSubject objects.

{
  "@context": "https://act-rules.github.io/earl-context.json",
  "@graph": [ ... ]
}

Test Subject

Create a single test subject for each test case. The TestSubject has three required properties:

  • @type: Must be TestSubject, to distinguish it from other data types that might exist in an EARL report.
  • source: This must be the URL of the test case.
  • assertions: This contains an array of Assertion objects
{
  "@context": "https://act-rules.github.io/earl-context.json",
  "@graph": [{
    "@type": "TestSubject",
    "source": "https://act-rules.github.io/testcases/a1b64e/6c3ac31577c3cb2d968fc26c4075dd533b5513fc.html",
    "assertions": [ ... ]
  }]
}

Advanced: assertions is a @reverse of earl:subject, to group assertions by test subject. When the JSON-LD is framed, the structure is flattened back to earl:subject. Using earl:subject and a flat array of Assertions works as well.

Assertion

Add an Assertion object to the assertions array for each outcome provided by any of the rules / test procedures in your implementation. Generally, test cases are atomic enough that every implemented rule would only have a single outcome, although in some cases (such as duplicate IDs) a rule may return more than one outcome. In such cases, there should be multiple Assertions, one for each outcome.

The following properties are required for each Assertion:

  • @type: This must be Assertion, to distinguish it from other data types that might exist in an EARL report.
  • test: See Test Criterion.
  • result.outcome: One of the following values:

    • earl:passed: A node in the test case passed the rule
    • earl:failed: A node in the test case failed the rule
    • earl:inapplicable: The rule is inapplicable in the test case
    • earl:cantTell: The tool could not be sure whether or not a node passed of failed the rule
    • earl:untested: The rule was not executed on the test case
{
	"@context": "https://act-rules.github.io/earl-context.json",
	"@graph": [
		{
			"@type": "TestSubject",
			"source": "https://act-rules.github.io/testcases/a1b64e/6c3ac31577c3cb2d968fc26c4075dd533b5513fc.html",
			"assertions": [
				{
					"@type": "Assertion",
					"result": { "outcome": "earl:passed" },
					"test": { ... },
				}
			]
		}
	]
}

Test Criterion

For each result, we'll need to know which rule or procedure in the tool reported it, and which WCAG success criteria were failed. To do so, on the test property, add an object. This must include:

  • title: A string, that uniquely identifies which rule or procedure in the tool found the result.
  • isPartOf: An array of strings, listing the WCAG success criteria that fail when the rule or procedure fails. These must use the IDs of the WCAG success criteria, prefaced with WCAG2:. For example WCAG2:name-role-value.
{
	"@context": "https://act-rules.github.io/earl-context.json",
	"@graph": [
		{
			"@type": "TestSubject",
			"source": "https://act-rules.github.io/testcases/a1b64e/6c3ac31577c3cb2d968fc26c4075dd533b5513fc.html",
			"assertions": [
				{
					"@type": "Assertion",
					"result": { "outcome": "earl:passed" },
					"test": {
						"title": "image-button-has-name",
						"isPartOf": ["WCAG2:non-text-content", "WCAG2:name-role-value"]
					}
				}
			]
		}
	]
}

Note: The IDs of WCAG success criteria can be found in sc-urls.json, on the scId property. These are the IDs introduced in WCAG 2.1, and continued in WCAG 2.2. Use these IDs, even when reporting for WCAG 2.0.

Advanced: All required properties map to EARL, except for isPartOf, title, and source which are properties of Dublin Core. Property names can be anything, as long as they can be expanded to the correct URL.