Video with audio has audio descriptions or transcript


Description

This rule checks that video elements with audio have an alternative for the video content as audio or as text.

Test Procedure

Applicability

The rule applies to every non-streaming video element that is visible, where the video contains audio.

Expectation

For each test target, the outcome of at least one of the following rules is passed:

Assumptions

This rule assumes that a mechanism is available to start the video and that the video element is not simply used to display the poster.

Accessibility Support

See Video element audio described: accessibility support. See Video element description track: accessibility support.

Background

Test Cases

Passed

Passed Example 1

A video element with a voiceover that describes the visual information.

<video controls>
	<source src="../test-assets/rabbit-video/video-with-voiceover.mp4" type="video/mp4" />
	<source src="../test-assets/rabbit-video/video-with-voiceover.webm" type="video/webm" />
</video>

Passed Example 2

A video element with a link to a text transcript.

<video controls>
  <source src="../test-assets/rabbit-video/video.mp4" type="video/mp4" />
  <source src="../test-assets/rabbit-video/video.webm" type="video/webm"/>
</video>
<a href="../test-assets/rabbit-video/transcript.html">Transcript</p>

Passed Example 3

A video element with a track element that contains descriptions.

<video controls>
	<source src="../test-assets/rabbit-video/video.mp4" type="video/mp4" />
	<source src="../test-assets/rabbit-video/video.webm" type="video/webm" />
	<track kind="descriptions" src="../test-assets/rabbit-video/descriptions.vtt" />
</video>

Passed Example 4

A video element that describes some of the text on the same page. The text on the page labels the video as an alternative.

<p>
	Not being able to use your computer because your mouse doesn't work, is frustrating. Many people use only the keyboard
	to navigate websites. Either through preference or circumstance. This is solved by keyboard compatibility. Keyboard
	compatibility is described in WCAG. See the video below to watch the same information again in video form.
</p>
<video src="../test-assets/perspective-video/perspective-video.mp4" controls></video>

Failed

Failed Example 1

A video element with an incorrect audio description.

<video controls>
	<source src="../test-assets/rabbit-video/video-with-incorrect-voiceover.mp4" type="video/mp4" />
	<source src="../test-assets/rabbit-video/video-with-incorrect-voiceover.webm" type="video/webm" />
</video>

Failed Example 2

A video element with a link to an incorrect text transcript on a different page.

<video controls>
  <source src="../test-assets/rabbit-video/video.mp4" type="video/mp4" />
  <source src="../test-assets/rabbit-video/video.webm" type="video/webm" />
</video>
<a href="../test-assets/rabbit-video/incorrect-transcript.html">Transcript</p>

Failed Example 3

A video element with a track element that contains incorrect descriptions.

<video controls>
	<source src="../test-assets/rabbit-video/video.mp4" type="video/mp4" />
	<source src="../test-assets/rabbit-video/video.webm" type="video/webm" />
	<track kind="descriptions" src="../test-assets/rabbit-video/incorrect-descriptions.vtt" />
</video>

Failed Example 4

A video element that describes some of the text on the same page. The video contains more information than the text does.

<p>
	Not being able to use your computer because your mouse doesn't work, is frustrating. Either through preference or
	circumstance. This is solved by keyboard compatibility. Keyboard compatibility is described in WCAG. See the video
	below to watch the same information again in video form.
</p>
<video src="../test-assets/perspective-video/perspective-video.mp4" controls></video>

Inapplicable

Inapplicable Example 1

A video element without audio.

<video controls>
	<source src="../test-assets/rabbit-video/silent.mp4" type="video/mp4" />
	<source src="../test-assets/rabbit-video/silent.webm" type="video/webm" />
</video>

Inapplicable Example 2

A video element that is not visible on the page.

<video controls style="display: none;">
	<source src="../test-assets/rabbit-video/video.mp4" type="video/mp4" />
	<source src="../test-assets/rabbit-video/video.webm" type="video/webm" />
</video>

Glossary

Outcome

key: outcome

A conclusion that comes from evaluating an ACT Rule on a test subject or one of its constituent test target. An outcome can be one of the three following types:

  • Inapplicable: No part of the test subject matches the applicability
  • Passed: A test target meets all expectations
  • Failed: A test target does not meet all expectations

Note: A rule has one passed or failed outcome for every test target. When there are no test targets the rule has one inapplicable outcome. This means that each test subject will have one or more outcomes.

Note: Implementers using the EARL10-Schema can express the outcome with the outcome property. In addition to passed, failed and inapplicable, EARL 1.0 also defined an incomplete outcome. While this cannot be the outcome of an ACT Rule when applied in its entirety, it often happens that rules are only partially evaluated. For example, when applicability was automated, but the expectations have to be evaluated manually. Such "interim" results can be expressed with the incomplete outcome.

Visible

key: visible

Content perceivable through sight.

Content is considered visible if making it fully transparent would result in a difference in the pixels rendered for any part of the document that is currently within the viewport or can be brought into the viewport via scrolling.

Content is defined in WCAG.


Changelog

Aug 21, 2019fix: update links to WCAG21 resources (#776)
Aug 21, 2019Editorial changes (#725)
Aug 13, 2019fix: update test assets being referred for media rules (f51b46,… (#731)
Jul 26, 2019Editorial changes (#702)
Jul 19, 2019chore: run prettier (#688)
Jul 17, 2019fix: test if definition for all referenced glossary terms exist (#634)
Jul 2, 2019Composite rules: Fix broken links in expectations (#627)
Jul 2, 2019chore: Correct various typos (#640)
May 9, 2019Chore: Adapt site to ACT Rules CR format (#547)
May 7, 2019Template update - video with audio has audio descriptions or transcript (#530)
Apr 29, 2019chore: rename files and update associations (#489)
Apr 16, 2019chore: add unique id to all rules (#478)
Apr 15, 2019chore: WCAG ACT RULES CG Website Update (#437)
Mar 3, 2019fix: hyperlink to video description track rule (#426)
Jan 22, 2019rule: SC 1.2.3 & 1.2.5 Video alternatives (#204)

Useful Links



Acknowledgements